Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) for Addiction
Medically reviewed by: Amelia Hasenohrl Lpc CHt
Ms. Hasenohrl is a Licensed Professional Counselor with over 27 years of experience, specializing in helping clients overcome anxiety, panic disorder and the fear that prevents them from effectively managing their everyday lives.
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Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy
Rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) is a commonly utilized therapy in addiction treatment. It is also used to treat a wide range of mental health issues and dual-diagnosis disorders. REBT works by helping participants explore their inherent inclination to conflate emotional perceptions that lead to stress and subsequent dysfunction. Common examples of this include the undue pressures we often put on ourselves to be perfect in all aspects of our lives, including our work, our family, and our relationships. REBT compels participants to examine the entirely natural reality of adversity and essentially reinforces the commonly used adage that whatever someone faces, “It’s not the end of the world.”
REBT is used to treat a comprehensive range of mental health issues, including but not limited to:
- All types of anxiety
- Trauma and PTSD
- Guilt and grief
- Chronic pain
- Anger and stress issues
- Low self-esteem
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
How Does REBT Work?
The process of REBT works by essentially realigning patients’ inherent line of thinking in order to dissuade them of the deeply ingrained belief that irrational beliefs are a representation of reality. It is a deeply scientific and experiential therapy that encourages participants to test the theories and behavioral coping mechanisms developed during therapy sessions, as well as challenging their rationale in both therapy sessions and real-world situations. They learn to do this by self-observation of the connection between their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors and then challenging the reality of their thoughts and beliefs on an ongoing basis. REBT mitigates the toxic and dysfunctional absolutism that leads patients toward negative patterns of emotion and subsequent mental health and self-harm.
Goals and Benefits of REBT
The fundamental aim of REBT is to get participants to recognize irrational, unrealistic, and negative thinking; identify how these thoughts have negatively impacted their lives, and develop behavioral skills to correct this line of thinking and achieve balanced mental health.
Some of the immediate and long-term behavioral benefits include but are not limited to:
- Ownership and responsibility of emotions.
- Ability to identify and manage irrational and negative thoughts.
- Universal application of therapeutic benefits (in all areas of life).
- Ability to self-analyze and independently achieve balanced mental health.
- Increased confidence and self-acceptance.
- Improved social and romantic relationships.
- Improved management of stress and adversity.
- Increased self-validation without the need for others’ opinions or perceptions.
- REBT is a safe, effective, and universally recognized a practice that focuses on empowerment, analysis, and self-actualization.
Applying and Practicing REBT
One of the primary advantages of REBT is that it’s a short-term clinical therapy that very much encourages the independent practice.
Through weekly therapy sessions with an experienced and qualified therapist or practitioner, patients utilize a variety of cognitive, behavioral, and emotive techniques, such as:
- Integrating humor and self-actualization. A lighthearted technique encourages patients to see their lofty and dramatic expectations in a humorous light.
- Role-playing. Patients play out common scenarios with their therapist to gauge emotional responses and act accordingly to address negative results.
- Independent practice assignments. Patients apply the behavioral tools and techniques they cultivated in REBT to real-life situations.
- Relaxation exercises. Breathing, guided meditation, muscle relaxation, and more, will help patients reduce stress and anxiety
- Journaling. This allows patients to process their thoughts, feelings, and subsequent behaviors—and what they’ve learned in therapy—between sessions by writing them down in a private journal.
- Risk-taking exercises. Patients practice what they’ve learned in therapy in situations that will be a bit challenging.
REBT focuses on eliminating the three core “musts” that causes one to place undue pressure and expectations on ourselves and thus to act out when we fail to meet them.
Accessing REBT Treatment
REBT addresses a core pattern of dysfunctional thinking that is often closely linked to addiction and other types of self-harm. It is a safe, harmless, and effective means of addressing the origins and sustaining factors of one’s addiction. If you or your loved one is considering REBT for addiction, Psychology Today has a very helpful tool that will allow you to search for a therapist in your area. Don’t surrender your mental health and quality of life to hyperbolic and irrational thinking. If you or your loved one is suffering from addiction, REBT may be a viable therapy for you.