Arkansas is a mostly rural state with a population estimate of around three million people, home to the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville, and world headquarters of WalMart, in nearby Bentonville, both in the state’s far northwest corner. Bentonville is also home to the breathtaking museum, Crystal Bridges. Known as “the Natural State,” Arkansas features expansive flatlands to the east and mountains and hot springs to the west, and rivers throughout, all of which attract hunters, fishermen, hikers, and campers—anyone who loves the great outdoors. Arkansas does, however, suffer a high 17 percent of residents living at or below the poverty level.
Although Arkansas ranks below the national average in drinking behaviors and alcohol-related deaths, 34 percent of all traffic fatalities in the state involved alcohol for 2011. Typical in most American states, binge-drinking rates in Arkansas are highest among young adults aged twenty-five to thirty-six.
Like many rural states, Arkansas has long maintained smoking and tobacco use rates which are above the national average. Despite experiencing a steady decline in tobacco product use, Arkansas maintained an average of about five percentage points above the US average.
Additionally, the prevalence of smoking before, during, and after pregnancy is also approximately five percentage points higher in Arkansas than the rest of the United States. This data may contribute to Arkansas' position as forty-ninth in US health rankings.
Illicit drug use in Arkansas is highest among eighteen to twenty-five-year-olds, at 17.6 percent of the population, with the twenty-six-and-older age group coming in a distant second, representing 5.6 percent of the state. In 2010, Arkansas had the second-highest rate among forty-two states for positive methamphetamine drug screens in the workforce, as reported by Quest Diagnostics.
Arkansas is a state with an extraordinary amount of opioid painkiller prescriptions, averaging an estimated 111.2 per 100 people, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Through 2012, Arkansas has outpaced the national rate of adults who use prescription painkillers nonmedically. However, opioids account for only 8 percent of drug-related arrests in the state. The vast majority of arrests in Arkansas for drugs are overwhelmingly for marijuana and hashish, at 48 percent. Stimulants are a distant second at 22 percent, with 17 percent of those arrests involving amphetamines.
Addiction treatment services in Arkansas are scattered throughout the state, with locations concentrated where the need of residents is greatest. Services include:
Some of the specific populations that Arkansas addiction treatment programs can serve include the following:
Different addiction treatment programs in Arkansas can accept many different types of payment for services, and some of those include:
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